Investigation of some injuries in freestyle and greco-roman style Turkish wrestlers
Abstract views: 32 / PDF downloads: 55
Keywords:Competition, injury, training, wrestler, wrestling
The study's main purpose is to determine the disability status of elite Turkish wrestlers in the young and senior categories according to Freestyle and Greko-Romen wrestling styles and to determine the precautions to be taken to prevent possible injuries in today's wrestling. Fifty-eight wrestlers in Freestyle and 72 wrestlers in Greco-Roman style were followed. Student t-tests- and "chi-square" tests were used for statistical analysis. It has been determined that there is a difference in the injury exposure of the wrestlers during active sports according to the wrestling style (Chiquare = 9.82, p<0.05). In the distribution of total number of injuries according to wrestling year, those injured 2 or 3 times increased significantly as the wrestling year increased (Chi-square 21.55, p<0.001). There are significant differences in the neck, back, shoulder and collarbone, rotator caf, other muscles, nose, finger, elbow, knee and below the knee, ankle, chest, and abdominal regions among the injured areas of the wrestlers according to the style (p<0.05 and p<0,001). The difference in the distribution of injury types in training and competitions according to wrestling style was not statistically significant (Chi-square =1.02, p=0.196). A significant difference was found in the participation of the wrestlers in the competitions according to the styles when they were injured (p<0.001). It has been determined that freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestlers have more injuries during training. As the number of wrestling years increases, so does the number of injuries. Greco-Roman wrestlers were injured more in the neck, back, abdomen and shoulder regions than freestyle wrestlers. Freestyle wrestlers suffered more injuries in the knee and ankle region.
Akhmedov, R., Demirhan, B., Cicioğlu, İ., Canuzakov, K., Turkmen, M., & Günya, M. (2016). Injury by regions seen in greco-roman & freestyle wrestling. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, 18(3), 99-107.
Arslan, H., & Erail, S. (2023). Yüzücülerin yüzme branşına başlama nedenleri ve bu spordan beklentilerinin incelenmesi. Beden Eğitimi Spor Sağlık ve Efor Dergisi, 3(2), 218-226.
Atay, E, Tanır, H, Çetinkaya, E. (2017). Güreşçilerde sakatlık bölgelerinin araştırılması. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(1), 1-4.
Barley, O.R., Chapman, D.W., & Abbiss, C.R. (2019). The current state of weight-cutting in combat sports. Sports (Basel), (7), 123.
Barroso, B.G, Silva, J.M.A, Garcia, A.C., Ramos, N.C.O., Martinelli, M.O., Resende, V.B., … et al. (2011). Musculoskeletal injuries in wrestling athletes. Acta Ortopédica Brasileira, 19(2), 98-101.
Çebi M., İmamoğlu O., Yamak B., Eliöz M., & Yıldız M. (2022). Comparison of previously injured body regions in elite freestyle and greco-roman wrestlers. Physikalische Medizin, Rehabilitationsmedizin, Kurortmedizin, 32(3), 159-167.
Ermiş, E., Satıcı, A., & İmamoğlu O. (2019). 12th World University Wrestling Championship Women’s competitions technical analyses. Turkish Studies Social Sciences, 14(3), 1169-1178
García-Pallarés, J., López-Gullón, J. M., Muriel, X., Díaz, A., & Izquierdo, M. (2011). Physical fitness factors to predict male Olympic wrestling performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, (111), 1747-1758.
Halloran, L. (2008). Wrestling Injuries. Orthopaedic Nursing (27), 189-192.
Hewett, T. E., Pasque, C., Heyl, R., & Wroble, R. (2005). Wrestling injuries. Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports, (48), 152-178.
Jarrett GJ., Orwin JF., & Dick RW. (1998). Injuries in collegiate wrestling. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, (26), 674-680.
Jlid, M., Maffulli, N., Elloumi, M., Moalla, W., & Paillard, T. (2013). Rapid weight loss alters muscular performance and perceived exertion as well as postural control in elite wrestlers. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, (53), 620-627.
Karnincic, H., Tocilj, Z., Uljevic, O., & Erceg, M. (2009). Lactate profile during Greco-Roman wrestling match. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 8(CSSI3), 17.
Khodaee, M., Olewinski, L., Shadgan, B., & Kiningham, R.R. (2015). Rapid weight loss in sports with weight classes. Current Sports Medicine Reports, (14), 435-441.
Kılınç F., & Özen G. (2018). Comparison of anaerobic power values and heart rate in elite freestyle and greco-roman wrestlers. Inonu University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 2(2), 21-34
Kim, J.C., & Park, K.J. (2021). Injuries and rapid weight loss in elite Korean wrestlers: An epidemiological study. The Physician and Sports Medicine, 49(3) 3088-315.
Kolukısa, Ş., Çolak H., & Karakoç S. (2018). Investigation of distribution of sport injuries according to body regions of wrestlers. Journal of Current Researches on Social Sciences (JoCReSS), 8(1), 245-254
Kordi, R., Ziaee, V., Rostami, M., & Wallace, W.A. (2012). Sports injuries and health problems among wrestlers in Tehran. JPMA, 62(3), 204-208
Kroshus, E., Utter, A.C., Pierpoint, L.A., Currie, D.W., Knowles, S.B., Wasserman, E.B., … et al. (2018). The first decade of web-based sports injury surveillance: Descriptive epidemiology of injuries in us high school boys' wrestling (2005–2006 through 2013– 2014) and national collegiate athletic association men's wrestling (2004–2005 through 2013–2014). Journal of Athletic Training, (53), 1143-1155.
Küçük, H., & Erim, V. (2021). Elit judo ve güreşçilerin denge performanslarının karşılaştırılması. Journal of ROL Sport Sciences, 2(1), 1-7.
Lingor, R.J., & Olson, A. (2010). Fluid and diet patterns associated with weight cycling and changes in body composition assessed by continuous monitoring throughout a college wrestling season. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, (24), 1763- 1772.
Lorish, T.R., Rizzo T.D., & Iltstrup, D.M. (1992). Injuries adolescent and préadolescent boys at two large wrestling tournaments. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 20(2), 199-202.
Maffulli, N., Longo, U.G., Gougoulias, N., Caine, D., & Denaro, V. (2010) Sport injuries: A review of outcomes. British Medical Bulletin, (97), 47-80.
Molnár Sz., L.M., & Nakajima K. (2021). Guidelines for the prevention & Management of strangulation in Olympic Wrestling. https://unitedworldwrestling.org/sites/default/files/2021-02/201020_strangulation_in_olympic_wrestling_report_final_version_jan2021.pdf [Erişim Tarihi: 8 Mayıs 2023]
Molnár, S., Hunya, Z., Gáspár, K., Szerb, I., Szabó, N., Mensch, K., … et al. (2022). Moderate and severe injuries at five international olympic-style wrestling tournaments during 2016-2019. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, (21), 74-81
Molnár, S., Mensch, K., & Gáspár, K. (2020). Wrestling. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-60752-7_86
Myers, R.J., Linakis, S.W., Mello, M.J., & Linakis, J.G. (2010) Competitive wrestling-related injuries in school aged athletes in U.S. Emergency Departments. The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, (11), 442-9.
Pasque, C. B., & Hewett, T. E. (2000). A prospective study of high school wrestling injuries. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(4), 509-515.
Shadgan, B., Feldman, B.J., & Jafari, S. (2010). Wrestling injuries during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, (38), 1870-1876.
Shadgan, B., Konstantinou, L., & Molnar, S. (2021). Referees can prevent injuries in wrestling: An experience from the 2018 youth olympic games. British Journal of Sports Medicine, (55), 75.
Shadgan, B., Molnar, S., Sikmic, S., & Chahi, A. (2017). Wrestlıng injuries during the 2016 Rıo Olympıc Games. British Journal of Sports Medicine (51), 387-387.
Thomas, R.E., & Zamanpour, K. (2018). lnjuries in wrestling: Systematic review. The Physician and Sports Medicine, 46, 168-196.
Tomin, M., & Kmetty, Á. (2021). Development of wrestling mat materials to achieve better mechanical properties and improve the safety of the athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, (55), 85.
Wroble R.R. (1986). Neck and low back injuries in wrestling. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 5(2), 295-325.
Yamaner F., Imamoğlu O., Atan T., Evli F., Karacabey K., Sevindi T., … et al. (2012). The injuries of Turkish national free-style and graeco-roman wrestlers. Medicina dello Sport, 65(4), 549-61
Yünceviz R., Karsan O., Dane Ş., Can S., (1997). Serbest ve greko-romen güreşçilerde spor sakatlıklarının vücut bölgelerine göre dağılımı. Gazi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 2(4), 13-17.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.