Investigation of the relationship between forearm and hand anthropometric characteristics and grip strength of elite and recreational sport climbers
Abstract views: 31 / PDF downloads: 24
Keywords:Hand anthropometry, grip strength, sport climbing
The emergence of climbing as a competitive discipline has led to research on many subjects. Many of these studies have focused on evaluating the contribution of anthropometric and upper extremity strength characteristics to sport climbing. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between forearm and hand anthropometric characteristics and grip strength of elite and recreational sport climbers. Forty male athletes, including national team sport climbers (N=20) and recreational sport climbers (N=20) aged 18-23 years, participated in the study. Anthropometric measurements of the athletes; height, weight and BMI (body mass index), anthropometric measurements of the dominant hand (hand length, palmar length, finger length, wrist circumference, hand width), forearm anthropometric measurements (forearm length, forearm circumference), shape index, hand surface area, palmar length/width, hand length/height formulas were calculated and recorded. For grip strength; hand and finger grip strengths were measured. The data obtained were analyzed with SPSS.23 package programe and Pearson correlation analyses were statistically evaluated at p<0.05 level to determine the relationship between the groups by independent sample t-test. Elite athletes had significantly higher experience, hand and finger grip strength, hand length, forearm circumference and lower BMI values than recreational athletes (p<0,01). Significant relationships were found between hand grip strengths, finger grip strengths, hand length and finger lengths in elite athletes, but no relationship was found in recreational athletes. Finger grip strengths were positively correlated with hand and wrist width. As a result, it can be said that especially hand anthropometry and grip strengths will contribute to the selection of elite level sport climbers.
Agarwal, P., & Sahu, S. (2010). Determination of handandpalmarea as a ratio of body surfacearea in Indianpopulation. IndianJournal of Plastic Surgery, 43(01), 049-053.
Amca, A. M., Vigouroux, L., Aritan, S. & Berton, E. (2012). Effect of hold dept hand grip technique on maximal finger forces in rock climbing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(7), 669–677.
Barut, Ç., Demirel, P., & Kıran, S. (2008). Evaluation of hand anthropometric measurements and grip strength in basketball, volleyball and handball players. Anatomy, 2(1), 55-59.
Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak-Kılıç, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2012). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri (13. baskı). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Chang, H. Y., Chou, K. Y., Lin, J. J., Lin, C. F., & Wang, C. H. (2010). Immediate effect of forearm Kinesiotaping on maximal grip strengt hand force sense in healthy collegiat athletes. Physical Therapy in Sport, 11(4), 122-127.
Cronin, J., Lawton, T., Harris, N., Kilding, A., Mcmaster, D. T., & Research C. (2017). A brief review of handgrip strength and sport performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(11), 3187-217.
Fryer, S., Stoner, L., Scarrott, C., Lucero, A., Witter, T., Love, R., … et al. (2015). Forearm oxygenation and blood flow kinetics during a sustained contraction in multiple ability groups of rock climbers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(5), 518–526.
Giles, L.V, Rhodes, E. C., & Taunton, J. E. (2006). The physiology of rock climbing. Sports Medicine, 36(6), 529–545.
Günther, C. M., Bürger, A., Rickert, M., & Schulz, C. U. (2008). Key pinch in healthy adults: normative values. Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), 33(2), 144-148.
Gürer, B., & Duman, A. (2022). Düzenli yapılan spor tırmanışın üst ekstremite kuvvetine etkisi. Spormetre Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 20(3), 92-104.
Hager-Ross, C., & Schieber, M. H. (2000). Quantifying the independence of human finger movements: comparisons of digits, hands and movement frequencies, Journal of Neuroscience, 20(22): 8542-8550.
Haidar, S. G., Kumar, D., Bassi, R. S., & Deshmukh, S. C. (2004). Average versus maximum grip strength: which is moreconsistent? Journal of Hand Surgery, 29(1), 82-84.
Halpern, C. A., & Fernandez, J. E. (1996). The effect of wrist and arm postures on peak pinch strength. Journal of Human Ergology, 25(2), 115-130.
Kabakcı, A. G., Narin, H., & Yücel, A. H. (2018). Özel yetenek sınavına giren adayların çizim başarısı ile el anatomisi arasındaki ilişki. Cukurova Medical Journal, 43(1), 199-206.
Keçelioğlu, Ş., & Akçay, B. (2019). Sportif performansta el-el bileğinin değerlendirilmesine çok yönlü yaklaşım. Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal, 2(2), 118-134.
Kim, C. R., Jeon, Y. J., Kim, M. C., Jeong, T., & Koo, W. R. (2018). Reference values for hand grip strength in the south korean population. Plos One, 13(4), e0195485.
Kulaksiz, G., & Gözil, R. (2002). The effect of hand preference on hand anthropometric measurements in healthy individuals. Annals of Anatomy-AnatomischerAnzeiger, 184(3), 257-265.
Laffaye, G., Collin, J.-M., Levernier, G., & Padulo, J. (2014). Upper-limb power test in rock-climbing. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(08), 670–675.
Macdonald, J.H. & Callender, N. (2011). Athletic profile of highly accomplished boulderers. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, 22(2), 140–143.
Magiera, A., Roczniok, R., Maszczyk, A., Czuba, M., Kantyka, J., & Kurek, P. (2013). The structure of performance of a sport rock climber. Journal of Human Kinetics, 36(1), 107–117.
Mendeş, B., & İlhan, M.T. (2021). Bazı spor branşlarında el kavrama kuvveti ile el becerisi ilişkisi. Kilis 7 Aralık Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(1), 2667-5437.
Mermier, C. M. (2000). Physiological and anthropometric determinants of sport climbing performance. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(5), 359–365.
Michael, M. K., Witard, O. C. & Joubert, L. (2019). Physiological demands and nutritional considerations for Olympic-style competitive rock climbing. Cogent Medicine, 6(1), 166-199.
Mitchell, A.C., Bowhay, A., & Pitts, J. (2011). Relationship between anthropometric characteristics of indoor rock climbers and top roped climbing performance. The Journal of Strength &Conditioning Research, (25), 94-95.
Narin, S., Demirbüken, İ., Özyürek, S., & Eraslan, U. (2009). Dominant el kavrama ve parmak kavrama kuvvetinin önkol antropometrik ölçümlerle ilişkisi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi, 23(2), 81-85.
Nicolay, C.W. & Walker, A.L. (2005). Grip strenght hand endurance: Influences of anthropometric variation, hand dominance, and gender. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 35(7), 605-618
Özen, S. V., Sonmez, G. T., & Özen, G. (2011). Elit ve elit olmayan spor tırmanıcılarda antropometrik, kuvvet ve solunumsal özellikler. Sport Sciences, 6(2), 103-113.
Philippe, M., Wegst, D., Müller, T., Raschner, C. & Burtscher, M. (2012). Climbing specific finger flexor performance and forearm muscle oxygenation in elite male and female sport climbers. European Journal of AppliedPhysiology, 112(8), 2839– 2847.
Pizzigalli, L., MichelettiCremasco, M., TorreAntonio, L., Rainoldi, A., & Roberto, B. (2016). Hand grip strength and anthropometric characteristics in Italian female national basketball teams. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 57(5), 521-528.
Saul, D., Steinmetz, G., Lehmann, W., & Schilling, A. F. (2019). Determinants for success in climbing: A systematic review. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 17(3), 91-100.
Tatar, A., Özmen, H. E., & Aksu, F. (2017). Genç kadınlarda eldeki 2./4. parmak uzunluk oranına göre kişilik özellikleri profilinin incelenmesi. Nobel Medicus Journal, 13(1).
Vigouroux, L. & Quaine, F. (2006). Finger tip force and electromyography of finger flexor muscles during a prolonged intermittent exercise in elite climbers and sedentary individuals. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(2), 181–186.
Vigouroux, L., Goislard de Monsabert, B. & Berton, E. (2015). Estimation of hand and wrist muscle capacities in rock climbers. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115(5), 947–957.
Visnapuu M. & Jurimae T. (2007). Hand grip strength and hand diemensions in young hand ball and basketball players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(3), 923-9.
Watts, P. B. (2004). Physiology of difficult rock climbing. In European Journal of Applied Physiology, 91(4), 361–372.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.